Working in groups or on their own artists create new work.
The earliest known use of this technique was by the Italian Renaissance painter Raphael who painted some full-scale cartoons.
The oldest Mediterranean civilization, Greek, Roman or Egyptian have extensively used painting techniques based on mixtures of encaustic (probably rich in bee wax), mineral pigments (iron, copper, manganese oxides) and tempera. Vegetal oils, such as flax, walnut or poppy seed oil were known to ancient Egyptians, Greeks or Romans.
from the Italian guazzo, "water paint, splash") is a type of paint consisting of pigment suspended in water. Gouache differs from watercolour in that the particles are larger, the ratio of pigment to water is much higher, and the presence of an
inert white pigment such as chalk. This makes gouache heavier and more opaque, with greater reflective qualities.